References

To learn more, here is a list of some additional material:

  • Exercise Canatex 2 Final Report: was held in May 1994.  The aim was to test the National Earthquake Support Plan for British Columbia.  It focussed on plans, procedures, organizational structures and supporting systems.
  • Exercise Boldstep Final Report: was held in June 1988.  It tested a regional emergency plan and the operating procedures of the various organizations in the region.
  • Exercise Bluejay I Final Report: was held in 1987 in Charlottetown.  It tested the emergency response readiness of all agencies that would have been required to attend at Charlottetown airport in the event of a major disaster.
  • Exercise Lifeboat Final Report: was held in North Sydney on May 25, 1988.  It tested how emergency response agencies complemented and conflicted with each other in a simulated marine emergency.
  • Exercise Response 93 Wasatch Fault: was held in Salt Lake City, Utah in June, 1993. It tested the policies and procedures of the federal response plan, FEMA region supplements, and the linkages and coordinating mechanisms within the State of Utah.
  • A Review of the Top Officials 3 Exercise: was held in April 2005 in the USA. It was an exercise simulating a coordinated terrorist attack involving biological, chemical, radiological, or weapons of mass destruction.  Participation includes top officials and key personnel from all levels of government who have domestic response and consequence management roles and responsibilities in actual terrorist events.
  • Exercise “Operation Siamese”: was held in September 1989 in Toronto.  It tested and evaluated the Emergency Standard Operating Procedures of participating departments/agencies with a simulation of marine, rail and aircraft disaster sites.  It also tested and evaluated the Metropolitan Toronto Emergency Plan by implementing a coordinated response to the simulated disaster sites.
  • Exercise “Inaugurate”: was held on November 23, 1995 in Edmonton.  It tested 3 vital functions of the Government Emergency Operations Centre (GEOC) in the context of inter-agency cooperation and multi-government joint action.  The functions tested were:  a) a LAN developed to maintain the GEOC Log, b) a land line based communications system, and c) ham radio communications.
  • Exercise “Delta” Final Report on Mock Disaster Exercise: was held on October 7, 1997 in Calgary.  It tested the coordinated disaster response capabilities of the City of Calgary and the Calgary Regional Health Authority.
  • Exercise “National VI”: was held on October 22, 1984 in Grand Falls & St Leonard.  It tested: (a) the disaster plan of the Town of Grand Falls (b) the Town of St Leonard’s readiness to deal with a disaster (c) Transport Canada’s emergency procedures during an emergency at the St Leonard Airport and crash site (d) the disaster plan of the Grand Falls Hospital in a mass casualty incident and (e) the response of volunteer organizations and agencies.
  • Exercise Sourcebook, Orientation and Tabletop Exercises: from Research Alternatives Inc. by James W. Morentz, PhD and Scott A. Gutschick.  ©1984.
  • Operation Wetfoot ’74: was the designation adopted for the Alberta Government’s flood operation in 1974.
  • Report On Exercise Evening Star: was held on October 15, 1990 in Ottawa.  It was based on 3 emergency scenarios: a major train derailment in Ottawa, a chemical spill in Kanata, and building fire in Carp.
  • Final Report On The Conduct Of Exercise Canatex 3/INEX 2: conducted April 27-28, 1999 to evaluate the Federal Nuclear Emergency Plan and its interface with the nuclear emergency arrangements of the province of Ontario, to test the bi-lateral arrangements under the Canada-United States Joint Radiological Emergency Response Plan, and to practice procedures for communication with the International Atomic Energy Agency.
  • Final Report Exercise Tusket: was conducted in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia on October 13, 1980.  It tested how Marine Atlantic and the local agencies in the Yarmouth area would interact and provide assistance during a real emergency.  It also evaluated specific terminal emergency response plans.
  • Exercises: A Research Review: reviews more than 60 simulation studies in the emergency field and contains “how to” hints on state-of-the-art computer simulation by Jim Morentz.
  • Orientation and Tabletop Exercises: Tells how to lead discussions and emphasizes teaching rather than testing by Jim Morentz.  Published by Research Alternatives of Rockville, Md.  © 1984
  • Operating Center Simulations: complete guide to scenarios, EOC design, map making, and evaluation by Jim Morentz.
  • Outside Disaster Drills: describes message writing, moulage, site selection, funding, volunteers, communications, safety, and evaluation by Jim Morentz.
  • Exercise Planning and Evaluation: contains everything you will ever need to know about designing and presenting exercise in a step-by-step workbook by Staff and Associates of ERI.  ©1991.
  • Managing Exercises (2001): Australian Emergency Manuals Series Part V, The Management of Training, Manual 2.
  • Disaster Recovery Testing: Exercising Your Contingency Plan: Covering such areas as test planning and management, test participants, testing methods, etc. by Philip Jan Rothstein, Ossining, N.Y.  © 1994.
  • Emergency Planning Handbook: by Robert G. Lee, published by Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company of Dubuque, Iowa.  ©1994.
  • Guidelines for Planning Tabletop Emergency Exercises: by Robert L. Wold, published by Colorado Dept. of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government, Office of Emergency Management of Golden, Colorado.  ©
  • Importance of preparatory measures in disaster evacuations: by Walter E. Strope, John F. Devaney and Jiri Nehnevajsa, published by Disaster Journal, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1-17.  © 1977.
  • Training on personnel, exercises, and studies of contingency planning: Practical experiences of a British emergency planning officer: by Brian E. Fisher, published in the Mass Emergencies Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2-3, Pages 83-86.  © 1978.
  • Simulation exercises in disaster preparedness training: by Ellen Wassermann, published in the Disasters Journal, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 44-47.  © 1983.
  • Notes toward a manual on the preparation of simulation exercises for disaster management: by F.E. Nunes, published by the Disasters Journal, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 48-53.  © 1983.
  • Disaster planning in the greater Rotterdam area: Laws, scenarios and exercises: by M.J. van Duin and U. Rosenthal, published in the Disaster Management Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 63-69.  ©1989.
  • Systematic emergency exercise evaluation: by K. Lerner, published in the Disaster Management Journal, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 103-108.  © 1990.
  • Collegeville: A city under a cloud: by Mike Steers, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 17, Issue 4, Pages 16-20. © October-December 1990.
  • Response to simulated mass casualty incidents: by John Robinson, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 17, Issue 4, Pages 23-26.  © October-December 1990.
  • The little exercise that grew: by Michael Theilmann, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 16-19.  © July-September 1990.
  • When disaster strikes – be prepared: by Lynda Welch, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 17-19.  © April-June 1990.
  • An approach to designing and conducting a test exercise: by Wayne Brocklehurst, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 2-7.  © July-September 1989.
  • Operation TRANSCAER: An emergency response training course: by Archie Steacie, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 8-11.  © July-September 1989.
  • Dryden crash tests emergency plan: by Mary Cann, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 16-17.  © July-September 1989.
  • P.E.I.: This tiny island is big on emergency planning: by Joan Borsu, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 6-11.  © April-June 1989.
  • Transportation accident: Is this for real?: by Lesley Charlebois, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 13-15.  © April-June 1991.
  • Casualty simulation: How fake injuries provide real lessons for emergency planners: by Michael Theilmann, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 15, Issue 4, Pages 8-10.  © October-December 1988.
  • Reflections on a simulated disaster exercise in the regional municipality of Waterloo, Ontario: A link with emergency planning: by Walter Waganka and Larry R.G. Martin, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 2-6.  © October-December 1983.
  • ATLANTIS, a disaster simulation exercise for training purposes: by G.N. Ritchie, published in the Emergency Planning Digest Journal, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 2-5.  © January-March 1983.
  • The energy supplies allocation board tests its allocation system: by Barrie A. Taylor and Gavin N. Currie, published in the Emergency Planning Digest Journal, Volume 9, Issue 9, Pages 6-10.  © July-September 1982.
  • Exercise ‘Herbie’: by Lilly Squires and Rod Stright, published in the Emergency Planning Digest Journal, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 11-12.  © April-June 1981.
  • Exercise ‘Surefire’: by J.E. Ayers, published in the Emergency Planning Digest Journal, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 13-15.  © January-March 1980.
  • The administrative process of a disaster exercise: by John Kirby, published in the Emergency Planning Digest Journal, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 2-3.  © April-June 1979.
  • Operation Siamese: Testing the worst case scenario: by Warren L. Leonard and Michael J. Walker, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 10-13.  © July-September 1991.
  • Shedding new light on grid search efficiency: by Marcel Andrie, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 16-17.  © July-September 1991.
  • Exercise London: A community disaster plan: by Stewart Sutherland, published in the Emergency Planning Digest Journal, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 11-12.  © May-June 1975.
  • Operation Redbird: by Brett W. Mann, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 15-18.  © April-June 1992.
  • An emergency at Pearson International Airport: by Janice Snyder, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 20, Issue 3, Pages 14-18.  © July-September 1993.
  • The different types of exercise: When to use them: by Bob Overy, published in the Disaster Management Journal, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 183-189.  © 1993.
  • Managing chemical spills at sea: by Allan Caldwell, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 21, Issue 1, Pages 2-5.  © January-March 1994.
  • The CYGNUS project: by James A. Hanna and K.C. Eyre, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 21, Issue 1, Pages 25-27.  © January-March 1994.
  • Operation Mosiac: by Michel C. Dore, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 20, Issue 4, Pages 6-10.  © October-December 1993.
  • When the giant awakens: by Brad Mann, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 21, Issue 3, Pages 5-9.  © July-September 1994.
  • Operation Black Eagle: by Jean-Claude Drapeau, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 21, Issue 2, Pages 19 and 19-21.  © April-June 1994.
  • From fiction to reality: by Jean-Claude Drapeau, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 21, Issue 2, Pages 29-31.  © April-June 1994.
  • Mock disaster turns into real emergency: by Allan Caldwell, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 22, Issue 2, Pages 12-14.  © April-June 1995.
  • Ontario nuclear emergency – ‘Exercise Pickering 95’: by Douglas Armour, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 22, Issue 3, Pages 22-24.  © July-September 1995.
  • Cross-border exercise teaches crucial lessons: by Wendy MacIntyre, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 22, Issue 4, Pages 19-21.  © October-December 1995.
  • Effective emergency response requires partnerships: by Terence Gibson and Reid Warne, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 22, Issue 4, Pages 27-28.  © October-December 1995.
  • Portage la Prairie: Exercise Echo: by Janet Christenson, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 23, Issue 1 Pages 18-21.  © January-March 1996.
  • Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government: Up-to-date source of extensive information on virtually all aspects of disaster management in the U.S..  Including coping with Media, contracting for mutual aid, meeting federal requirements, etc..  Written by Thomas E. Drabek and Gerard J. Hoetmer, published by International City Management Association in Washington, D.C..  © 1991.
  • Exercise Planning and Evaluation: Course objectives include: identifying exercise needs and emergency response capabilities with a given jurisdiction; becoming familiar with applicable laws and codes; understanding how exercises function as diagnostic tools of the emergency management system; and understanding the characteristics and steps involved in developing, conducting, evaluating, and analyzing.  By the Emergency Response Institute, published by the Emergency Response Institute, Inc. of Olympia, Washington.  © 1991.
  • Tips for running effective mass casualty exercises: by John Robinson, published in the Emergency Preparedness Digest Journal, Volume 23, Issue 2, Pages 29-30.  © April-June 1996.
  • The Canadian Fire Officer’s Guide to Emergency Management: Created to help local officials through all phases of emergency management, including discuss disasters and their consequences, legal foundations of fire and emergency services, emergency planning exercise design and implementation, fire command systems, medical consideration, small community preparedness and response, short- and long-term recovery, and lessons for Canadian fire officers.  By Ron Kuban, published by Pendragon Publishing of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.  © 1996.
  • Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government: by Guy E. Daines, published by International City Management Association of Washington, D.C.  © 1991.
  • Contingency Plan Exercises: Highlights value of close co-operation and understanding between those in the public, private and voluntary sectors who have the responsibility for planning and responding to major incidences.  By Christopher F Payne, published in the Disaster Prevention and Management Journal, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 111-117.  © 1999.
  • A full-scale drill of Hazmat recovery operation: by Lillian A. Nawrocki, Barry D. Kurtz and B.K. Friedman, published in the Journal of Emergency Management, Volume 1, Issue 3, Pages 28-29.  © 2003.
  • Comprehensive Emergency Management for Local Governments: Demystifying Emergency Planning: by James A. Gordon, published by Rothstein Associates Inc. of Bookfield, Conn.  © 2002.
  • Sharing the experiences: a method to improve usefulness of emergency exercises: Based on an exercise of a major train accident organized in SE Finland in the spring of 2002.  A specific method was used to collect and share experiences among the participants.  The exercise included the cooperation between different authorities and voluntary groups, authorities included were rescue services, police, healthcare, mental crises care and social care.  Voluntary groups included both first aid and medical crises groups.  By Harriet Lonka and Jean-Luc Wyboo, published by the International Journal of Emergency Management, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 189-202.  © 2005.
  • Europe trains for disasters: by M. Konig and R. Rudolph, published in the Crisis Response Journal, Volume 1, Issue 3, Pages 9-11.  © 2005.
  • Risk Management and Damage Mitigation at IAT ’94: describes the emergency management structure created for the International Air Tattoo ’94 at RAF Fairford in Gloucestershire, includes table-top discussion and live exercise which preceded the event, to ensure that adequate procedures were in place should a major incident occur.  By D.F. Heathcote, published in the Disaster Prevention and Management Journal, Volume 3, Issue 4.  ©1994 Case study.
  • Disaster plan simulates plane crash into high-rise building: A reprint of a classic chronicles the simulated incident of a plane crashing to the John Hancock Tower in Boston, Massachusetts.  Recounts how the plan was developed and practiced by the scenario team.  Inclusion by the practice team of the local fire department and paramedics paralleled realty.  Exercise demonstrated that the Tower, even with an emergency plan, needed stronger preparation.  This was effective because on 11 August 1992, an actual emergency occurred in the facility and the building was prepared as a result of the simulation.  By William H. Johnson and Warren R. Matthews, published in the Disaster Prevention and Management, Volume 6, Issue 4.  © 1997 Case study.



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