Federal Legislation

Overview

1. Emergencies Act

This Act describes types of national emergencies and exceptional powers that may be authorized and the responsibilities of Public Safety Canada (PSC).

The Emergencies Act was developed to ensure that the Government of Canada can invoke exceptional yet incident-specific powers to deal with emergencies. It replaced the War Measures Act. The four types of emergencies covered under the Act are:

Public welfare emergencies: severe natural disasters or major accidents affecting public welfare, which are beyond the capacity or authority of a province or territory to handle.

Public order emergencies: security threats that are beyond the capacity or authority of a province or territory to handle.

International emergencies: intimidation, coercion or the use of serious force or violence that threatens the sovereignty, security or territorial integrity of Canada or any of its allies.

War emergencies: war or other armed conflict, real or imminent, involving Canada or any of its allies.

You may view a copy of the Act at: http://www.psepc-sppcc.gc.ca/pol/em/em_act-en.asp

2. Emergency Management Act

When an emergency strikes, lives are at stake and effective response means knowing who is in charge. The Emergency Management Act (EMA) sets out clear roles and responsibilities for all federal ministers across the full spectrum of emergency management. This includes prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery and critical infrastructure protection.

The Act is an important step in the Government of Canada's efforts to strengthen emergency management in Canada. It reinforces efforts to ensure that Canada is well prepared to mitigate, prepare for, respond to and recover from natural and human-induced risks to the safety and security of Canadians.

You may view a copy of the Act at: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/E-4.56/

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